Grammar for ESL Level 4

The links below will take you to videos, explanations, and exercises on grammar rules from Fundamentals of English Grammar, the textbook you buy for both ESL030 and ESL040, and for other topics taught in the class. 

The exercises will help you with understanding, memorizing, and using the rules.

Click to Jump to:   Chapter 10    Chapter 11    Chapter 12    Chapter 14    Conditional   Phrasal Verbs    Chapters for ESL030

Watch and listen to the textbook videos on your smartphone or mp3 player!  

          Click here to download a folder with videos for Chapters 1-7
          Click here to download a folder with videos for Chapters 8-14

Here's a website by another teacher.  There are lots of video explanations, examples, and quizzes on many grammar topics:   

Verb Tense Review:
Study example sentences of verb tenses at the bottom of and then do Verb Tense Exercises 1-28 review of verb tenses in the active voice with Cloze & Matching Exercises
Note:  If you can't see the video, you might need the Quicktime video player plugin on your computer.  It's free!  Download it from this webpage:   Just click the "Free Download" button in the middle left of that page (don't give them your email address). - chart showing examples of English verb tenses - game to review tenses - another game - example questions & answers in each English verb tense with links to 3 quizzes - chart showing examples affirmative, negative, & interrogative sentences in each tense with links to many quizzes - Name that verb tense! - verb tense review for the verb Be with a 9-minute video - written paragraph with audio explanation of tenses, vocabulary to talk about grammar, and comprehension questions to help understand Betty Azar's blue Understanding & Using Grammar textbook

Definitions and Examples of common grammar vocabulary:

Chapter 10 P
assive Voice - Videos

Chart 10-1 page 258 Active & Passive Sentences

Chart 10-2 page 259 Form of the Passive

Chart 10-3 page 263 Transitive & Intransitive Verbs

Chart 10-4 page 265 Using the by-Phrase -

Chart 10-5 page 269 Passive Modal Auxiliaries -

Chart 10-6 page 271 Past Participles as Adjectives -

Chart 10-7 page 276 Participial Adjectives -ed vs. -ing -

Chart 10-8 page 278 Get + Adjective & Past Participle -

Chart 10-9 page 282 Be Used/Accustomed To & Get Used/Accustomed to -

Chart 10-10 page 284 Use To vs. Be Used To -

Chart 10-11 page 285 Be Supposed To -



Chapter 10 Passive Voice Computer Explanations & Exercises  - Almost 200 quizzes! - Good chart and more exercises - Change the active voice to passive voice by filling in the blanks with the correct verb forms

Simple Present Passive:


Simple Past Passive:


Present Perfect Passive:


Past Perfect Passive:


Present Progressive Passive:


Past Progressive Passive:


Simple Future Passive:


Future with Be Going To Passive:


Modals in the Passive:


Questions in the Passive:


Participial Adjectives -

Passive with Get -


Mixed Tenses:
Chart with examples of passive in different tense & with modals:
Passive Review -
Passive Mixed Tenses -
The History of Soda Pop - Passive Voice Mixed Tenses: passive/dragon.htm
Bill Gates's Car Mixed Passives

Active or Passive Voice?
Active or Passive mixed tenses

Been vs. Being

Change the passive sentences to active 1:
Change the passive sentences to active2:

Mixed Tenses


Chapter 11 Count/Noncount Nouns & Articles - Videos

Chart 11-1 page 290 A vs. An

Chart 11-2 page 292 Count & Noncount Nouns -

Chart 11-3 page 293 Noncount Nouns -

Chart 11-4 page 295 More Noncount Nouns -

Chart 11-5 page 297 Several, A Lot Of, Many/Much, A Few/A Little -

Chart 11-6 page 300 Nouns that Can Be Count or Noncount -

Chart 11-7 page 302 Using Units of measure with Noncount Nouns -

Chart 11-8 page 306-307 Guidelines for Article Usage -


Chart 11-9 page 315 The or Nothing with Names -


Chart 11-10 page 317 Capitalization -

Chapter 11 Count/Noncount Nouns & Articles
Computer Explanations & Exercises - almost 150 quizzes, from easy to difficult - the first set of 15 quizzes are on using articles

Count vs. Noncount -
Count or Non-Count Nouns - Decide whether each noun is count, non-count, or both.
Count or Non-Count Nouns Using Quantifiers Cloze Exercise Ex.1

Count or Non-Count Nouns Using Quantifiers Cloze Exercise Ex.2Parte superior do formulrio

Countable or Non-Countable Nouns (Charles Kelly) 2-Choices, 107 Questions

Countable/Uncountable Nouns 1 - ESL Quiz Center

Countables / Uncountable - Better English

Countables / Uncountable(2) - Better English
Nouns Countable or Non-Countable?

Count / Noncount Nouns

Count and Non-Count Nouns (Introduction & 2 exercises)
How to Count Non-Count Nouns (Introduction & 2 exercises)
Count and Non-Count Nouns (Review) (Introduction & 3 exercises)

Uncountable Nouns crossword

Count - Uncount Nouns

Collective Nouns
Abstract Nouns
Noun and Verb Matching / Subjects and Verbs - 1
Noun and Verb Matching / Subjects and Verbs - 2

Nouns 1
Nouns 2
Count / Noncount Nouns and Articles

Countable and uncountable nouns (Insurance)

Count and Non-count Nouns (1)
Count and Non-count Nouns (2)
Count and Non-count Nouns (3)

Count, Mass, Collective Nouns
The or Nothing with Geographical Names -
Choosing between a, an, or the -
A/The - Better English
Some/A/An - Better English

Choose a, an, some, any -  
Choosing between a, an, or 0 (nothing, no article) 
A, An, or nothing Rags to Riches game -
Choosing between a, an, the, or 0 (no article) -
Choose the right article 1
Choose the right article 2
Choose the right article 3
Choose the right article 4
Choose the right article 5
Choose the right article 6
Choose the right article 7
Choose the right article 8
Choose the right article 9
Choose the right article 10 articles quiz
a4esl articles I

Quantifiers -
Few / A little - Better English
Few 2 - Better English
Collective Nouns -
Count/Noncount nouns -

Definite article (the) or Indefinite article (a) - Basketball Game

Articles - "a, an, the" - Snakes and Ladders Game

Hungry Wolf game -

Noun attack game -

Chapter 12  Adjective Clauses  Videos

Chart 12-1 page 321 Adjective Clauses Introduction

Chart 12-2 page 322 Using Who and That  -

Chart 12-3 page 324 Using Object Pronouns -

Chart 12-4 page 327 Using Which and That in Adjective Clauses -

Chart 12-5 page 331 Singular & Plural Verbs -

Chart 12-6 page 332 Prepositions in Adjective Clauses AND Chart 12-7 page 336 Using Whose -


Chapter 12 Adjective Clauses Computer Explanations & Exercises

Chapter 14 Noun Clauses Videos

Chart 14-1 page 370 Noun Clauses Introduction

Chart 14-2 page 371 Noun Clauses with a Question Word  -  AND

Chart 14-3 page 376 Noun Clauses with If or Whether-

Chart 14-4 page 379 Noun Clauses with That -  

Chart 14-5 page 380 Other Uses of That Clauses - 

Chart 14-6 page 382 Substituting So for That -

Chart 14-7 page 384 Quoted Speech -

Chart 14-8 page 387 Quoted Speech vs. Reported Speech -

Chart 14-9 page 388 Verb Forms in Reported Speech -

Chart 14-10 page 389 Tell, Ask, Answer/Reply -


Chapter 14 Noun Clauses Computer Explanations & Exercises


The Conditional Videos

The Conditional Computer Explanations & Exercises

The Conditional:  0 conditional   1st conditional    2nd conditional    3rd conditional   Summary
Conditional sentences have two clauses:  a condition (if...) and a result.  The verb tenses used in each clause depends on whether the speaker thinks the result is probable (real) or only exists in the imagination (unreal).

TYPE 0 - The Zero Conditional for Present Facts, Laws of Nature, & Routines (real) - explanation & fill-in exercise - explanation & 4 exercises - explanation & chart - multiple choice exercise - fill-in-the-blank exercise

TYPE 1 - The First Conditional for Future Facts (real)
- explanation, examples, & video - theory and exercises - match - complete sentences  - complete sentences - complete sentences - fill in the blanks - match - multiple choices -- multiple choices - make sentence - gap fill exercises - mix and match - complete the sentences - complete the sentences - rules and exercises

TYPE 2 - The Second Conditional for Present (or future) Imaginary Situations (dreams, wishes, untrue/unreal events now or in the future)  - explanation, examples, & video - theory and exercises - multiple choice -multiple choice - fill in match gap fill exercises - - put in order

TYPE 3 -  The Third Conditional for Past Imaginary Situations (things that never happened - untrue/unreal past events) - explanation and exercise - explanation only explanation & exercise - multiple choice quiz theory and exercises - put in order - fill in the blanks - fill in the blanks - sentence writing practice paragraph fill in - multiple choice


Mixed - identifying conditional types - explanation & listening exercise


Phrasal Verbs

Prepositions and Phrasal Verbs -
Dictionary of English Phrasal Verbs -
English- Japanese Phrasal Verb Dictionary -
Phrasal Verb Quizzes  -
Alphabetical List of English Phrasal Verbs -
Phrasal Verbs Definitions and Quizzes -
Links to Letitia Bradley's Phrasal Verb Quizzes -
Phrasal Verb Exercises -
Jennifer's Phrasal Verb Introduction Video -
Jennifer's Phrasal Verb Structure Video -
Jennifer's Phrasal Verb Pronunciation Video -
Bob Wilson's Phrasal Verb Exercises, Examples, and Video -
Phrasal Verb Study Page - Verbs beginning with C -
Phrasal Verb Quiz - Verbs beginning with C -
Phrasal Verbs with Call -
Phrasal Verbs with Get and other G verbs -
Phrasal Verb Quiz - Verbs beginning with G -
Phrasal Verbs with Get - examples and quiz -
Phrasal Verbs related to business - exercises -
All about Phrasal Verbs Video -
Verb + Prepositions + Gerund quizzes -
Phrasal Verbs Crossword Puzzle -
Phrasal Verb Fill in the Blank exercises -
Phrasal Verbs Matching Game -
Choose the preposition for the verb -
Phrasal Verbs Study Cards & Games -
Phrasal Verbs in Business -

Spelling Practice - beginning spelling curriculum phonics & sight words lists & quizzes spelling rules and self-check writing exercises - common spelling rules (no exercises) - links to spelling games and drills - spelling quizzes organized by grade level and by topic - spelling quizzes for ESL students